The Resource The Polar Bear Expedition, James Carl Nelson, (electronic resource)

The Polar Bear Expedition, James Carl Nelson, (electronic resource)

Label
The Polar Bear Expedition
Title
The Polar Bear Expedition
Statement of responsibility
James Carl Nelson
Creator
Contributor
Subject
Language
eng
Summary
An extraordinary lost chapter in the history of World War I: the story of America's year-long invasion of Russia, in which a contingency of brave soldiers fought the Red Army and brutal conditions during the fall and winter of 1918?1919. In August 1918, the 339th regiment of the U.S. Army?roughly 5,000 soldiers, most hailing from Michigan?sailed for Europe to fight in World War I. But instead of the Western Front, these troops were headed to Archangel, Russia, a vital port city 1,000 miles northeast of Moscow. There, in the frozen subarctic, amid the chaos of the Russian Civil War, one of the most extraordinary episodes of American history unfolded. The American North Russia Expeditionary Force?self-dubbed "The Polar Bear Expedition"?was sent to fight the Red Army and aid anti-Bolshevik forces in hopes of re-opening the Eastern Front against Germany. On the 100th anniversary of the campaign, award-winning historian James Carl Nelson recreates this harrowing, dramatic military operation in which Americans and Bolsheviks fought a series of pitched battles throughout a punishing fall and winter. As the Great War officially ended in November 1918, American troops continued to battle the Red Army and an equally formidable enemy, "General Winter." Subzero temperatures made machine guns and light artillery inoperable. In the blinding ice and snow, sentries suffered from frostbite while guarding against nearly invisible Bolos camouflaged by their white uniforms. Before the Polar Bears' withdrawal in July 1919, more than 200 perished from battle, accidents, and the Spanish flu. But the Polar Bears' story does not end there. Ten years later, a contingent of veterans returned to Russia to recover the remains of more than 100 of their fallen comrades and lay them to rest in Michigan, where a monument honoring their service still stands: a massive marble polar bear guarding a cross that marks the grave of a fallen soldier
Accompanying matter
technical information on music
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
Nelson, James Carl
Form of composition
not applicable
Format of music
not applicable
Literary text for sound recordings
fiction
Music parts
not applicable
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorName
  • Heller, Johnny
  • Overdrive Inc
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • History
  • Military
  • Nonfiction
Transposition and arrangement
not applicable
Label
The Polar Bear Expedition, James Carl Nelson, (electronic resource)
Link
https://api.overdrive.com/v1/collections/v1L1BHQAAAA2I/products/b72b14dd-72ad-40e9-9ca2-e9ed50995300
Instantiates
Publication
Capture and storage technique
digital storage
Color
not applicable
Configuration of playback channels
stereophonic
Dimensions
  • not applicable
  • unknown
Form of item
online
Groove width / pitch
not applicable
Isbn
9780062896988
Sound
sound
Special playback characteristics
digital recording
Specific material designation
  • other
  • remote
Speed
unknown
Stock number
B72B14DD-72AD-40E9-9CA2-E9ED50995300
System details
  • OverDrive MP3 Audiobook
  • OverDrive Listen
Tape configuration
not applicable
Tape width
not applicable
Label
The Polar Bear Expedition, James Carl Nelson, (electronic resource)
Link
https://api.overdrive.com/v1/collections/v1L1BHQAAAA2I/products/b72b14dd-72ad-40e9-9ca2-e9ed50995300
Publication
Capture and storage technique
digital storage
Color
not applicable
Configuration of playback channels
stereophonic
Dimensions
  • not applicable
  • unknown
Form of item
online
Groove width / pitch
not applicable
Isbn
9780062896988
Sound
sound
Special playback characteristics
digital recording
Specific material designation
  • other
  • remote
Speed
unknown
Stock number
B72B14DD-72AD-40E9-9CA2-E9ED50995300
System details
  • OverDrive MP3 Audiobook
  • OverDrive Listen
Tape configuration
not applicable
Tape width
not applicable

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